By Ann M. Gallagher, James C. Kaufman

This e-book explores gender variations in math performance--and why men outperform adult females on excessive stakes standardized exams yet no longer within the school room. those variations are vital simply because ratings on such checks are more often than not utilized in judgements that experience vital effects for college students akin to university admissions and task placement. The contributions during this quantity current numerous theories and examine that aid to give an explanation for the diversities, and spotlight the results. Illustratively, if adult females obtain decrease ratings at the checks, they're prone to be uncovered to fewer possibilities thereafter.

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Content influences on sex differences in performance on aptitude tests. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education. (ED 1110 493; TM 004 766). Terman, L. M. (1954). Scientists and non-scientists in a group of 800 gifted men. Psychological Monographs, 68(7), 1–44. Terman, L. , & Oden, M. H. (1959). Genetic Studies of Genius. The gifted group at mid-life (Vol. 5). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Tobias, S. (1976). Math anxiety. MS, September 1976, pp.

G. (1985). Outlining the problem. In S. F. Chipman, L. Brush, & D. ), Women and mathematics: Balancing the equation (pp. 1–24). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Chipman, S. , & Thomas, V. G. (1987). The participation of women and minorities in mathematics, sciences, and technology. Review of Research in Education, XIV, 387–430. Chipman, S. , & Wilson, D. (1985). Understanding mathematics course enrollment and mathematics achievement: A synthesis of the research. In S. F. Chipman, L. Brush, & D.

The likely causal structure of phenomena such as the participation of women and minorities in mathematical, scientific, and technical careers is extremely complex. In my opinion, it can be very helpful to map out that hypothetical structure, as I attempted to do in Chipman & Thomas (1987), modeled on earlier work by Eccles, Adler, Futterman, Goff, Kaczala, Meece, & Midgley (1985). Even though the full analysis and testing of such a 13:44 P1: GDZ/FFX P2: GDZ/FFX QC: GDZ/FFX 0521826055c01 CB717-Gallagher-v2 T1: GDZ 18 July 2, 2004 Susan F.

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