By Jee-Peng Tan, Jock R. Anderson, Pedro Belli
'Economic research of funding Operations' offers common rules and methodologies which are appropriate throughout sectors, together with quantitative possibility research. It offers either thought and perform approximately the way to overview transportation, overall healthiness, and schooling initiatives; and explains the right way to examine the environmental effect of initiatives. It offers a clean examine the instruments of undertaking research and explains the way to observe quantitative research of prices and advantages from a number of perspectives—including the personal quarter, the general public region, bankers, and the rustic as an entire. The examples used to demonstrate the foundations are drawn from real initiatives of the realm financial institution and different associations.
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Extra info for Economic Analysis of Investment Operations: Analytical Tools and Practical Applications (WBI Development Studies)
To achieve these aims, the approach exploits the information embedded in the financial and economic analysis to assess the distribution of project costs and benefits among the principal stakeholders. This conceptual framework broadens the scope of traditional project analysis by paying more attention to the financial, fiscal, and distributional aspects of projects. It also takes externalities into account more systematically and assesses project risks to improve design and identify critical variables to follow during implementation.
In all cases, however, the economic analysis should give a persuasive rationale for why the benefits of the project are expected to outweigh its costs, that is, economic analysis should give the reasons for expecting the net development impact of the project to be positive. When analysts carry out quantitative analysis, they should apply economic prices, not market prices. Chapters 4 through 6 provide guidance on deciding which costs to take into account, valuing the flows, and finally comparing costs and benefits that occur at different times.
Many magnificent hospitals stand empty for lack of funds to pay for doctors, nurses, medicines, and utilities. Sometimes projects intended to benefit society do not fully achieve their objectives, because they impose high costs on particular groups who then oppose the project. The analyst must look, therefore, not only at the project’s net contribution to a country’s welfare, but also at the distribution of its costs and benefits, for both equity and sustainability reasons. 9 001BB25088 / 01/30/2001 / 16:30:33 Sheet 19A of 10 Economic Analysis of Investment Operations: Analytical Tools and Practical Applications This handbook provides the tools that enable analysts and decisionmakers to look at projects from several points of view simultaneously, namely: • From the country’s viewpoint—to ensure that projects contribute more resources to the economy than they use • From the financial and fiscal viewpoints—to ensure that the implementing agencies will have the resources to implement projects as designed • From the viewpoint of the people who are most affected by projects—to ensure that the distribution of costs and benefits is acceptable to society.
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