By Edward A. Lee, David G. Messerschmitt (auth.)
This e-book matters electronic conversation. particularly, we deal with the shipping of bit streams from one geographical position to a different over a number of actual media, comparable to twine pairs, coaxial cable, optical fiber, and radio waves. extra, we conceal the mul tiplexing, a number of entry, and synchronization matters correct to developing com munication networks that concurrently delivery bit streams from many clients. the cloth during this publication is hence without delay proper to the layout of a large number of electronic verbal exchange platforms, together with for instance neighborhood and metropolitan quarter facts internet works, voice and video telephony platforms, the built-in providers electronic community (ISDN), desktop conversation platforms, voiceband info modems, and satellite tv for pc verbal exchange structures. We extract the typical rules underlying those and different purposes and current them in a unified framework. This publication is meant for designers and would-be designers of electronic conversation platforms. to restrict the scope to plausible proportions we've got needed to be selective within the themes lined and within the intensity of insurance. with regards to complex info, coding, and detection idea, for instance, we've not attempted to replicate the in-depth assurance of many complicated textbooks, yet really have attempted to hide these facets without delay proper to the layout of electronic communique systems.
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Additional info for Digital Communication
We can think of this channel as having a fiat propagation delay of M samples plus a non-causal response hk as shown in figure 2-lOb. Often the flat delay will not be an essential feature of the channel, in which case we ignore it. 0 Example 2-8. Suppose we come up with a non-causal filter H (z) in a theoretical development. This need not concern us too much, since such a filter can be approximated by a causal filter G (z) together with an additional flat delay z-M . This extra flat delay which did not arise in the theoretical development will often not harm the system.
1. RANDOM VARIABLES Before we review the theory of the stochastic process, let us review some theory and notation associated with random variables. In digital communication it is common to encounter combinations of discrete and continuous-valued random variables, so this will be emphasized. SEC. 1 RANDOM VARIABLES 35 We denote a random variable by a capital letter, such as X , and we denote an outcome of the random variable by a lower-case letter, such as x. The random variable is a real or complex-valued function defined on the sample space n of all possible outcomes, but we suppress this dependence in our notation.
A circuit that computes the parity of the bit stream XIt • b. The state transition diagram of the corresponding Markov chain. SEC. 81) for i E 0'1' and j EO'll' Example 3-12. If in the previous example the incoming bits are not only independent but also identically distributed, then the Markov chain is homogeneous. 5.
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