By S. Klingebiel

The goals of and explanations for improvement cooperation have replaced considerably lately. in addition to pursuing brief- and longer-term ambitions of their personal fiscal, overseas coverage and different pursuits, donors often have a recognisable and real curiosity in helping nations of their techniques of improvement.

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Development Cooperation: Challenges of the New Aid Architecture

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Country- and sector-related division of labour: Against the background of the effectiveness debates, aspects of the division of labour among donors is very important. The sought-after country concentration of bilateral donors is resulting, among other things, in a decline in the number of bilateral donors and in the volume of development assistance in various partner countries (disproportionately “difficult countries”), whereas the large multilateral actors at least are deliberately meant to continue maintaining a broad representative network (multilateral development cooperation as “donor of last resort”).

The DFID, for instance, now cooperates with only 28 countries (DFID 2012, 8), while the EU is operating in about 150 (Parliament UK 2012).  Global public goods: The context in which development cooperation occurs is changing rapidly. Development challenges in the past were viewed particularly at the level of the individual country. Given the cross-border dimension of many aspects (security, impact of climate change, migration, food security and so on), considering them from that angle is no longer appropriate.

Even the many individual examples of an incoherent multilateral system do not necessarily mean that, given the wide range of different global, regional and national challenges, no synergistic potential is generated by the various multilateral actors. Rather, the wide range of tasks and problems calls for different actors. The second perspective proceeds from the assumption that the multilateral system is characterised by losses of impact and fragmentation. The system consequently features a wide variety of actors, often performing overlapping tasks and often having only a limited resource endowment.

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