By R. Coleman Curtis

Hope, Self, brain, and the Psychotherapies unifies mental technology with modern relational psychoanalysis, arguing that the disciplines should be built-in if the concept that of repression is known as influenced forgetting, inventive features of subconscious approaches are taken into consideration in cognitive technological know-how, and a 'new studies' version of swap is stated by way of psychoanalysts. the sort of version of swap allows integration of behavioral, cognitive, visible, and different strategies right into a psychoanalytically-informed psychotherapy. This ebook might be of curiosity to psychological future health pros, psychoanalysts, psychologists, and psychotherapists.

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Extra resources for Desire, Self, Mind, and the Psychotherapies: Unifying Psychological Science and Psychoanalysis

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Existential philosophers and therapists see the creation of meaning as the task of people in a world that has no inherent meaning, where cultural worldviews (meaning systems) are believed to be socially constructed by people, as opposed to being given to people by a higher being. Tillich (1952), building upon the work of Heidegger and others, in analyzing the nature of anxiety, described three types of anxiety: the first being the anxiety of death, characteristic of the classical era of absolutism and tyranny; the second, the anxiety of guilt and condemnation, characteristic of the Middle Ages, but also Desire (and Its Discontents) 27 apparent today when produced by the failure to realize one’s potentiality; and the third, the anxiety of emptiness and meaninglessness, characteristic of our own time.

The desire for fairness supercedes for many people the desire for self-esteem. The meaning system usually includes a way to maintain self-esteem by being of value in the larger community. When people are not valued, they may believe that the world is unfair, but that they will be compensated in the afterlife, as in the Christian and Muslim religions. This need can be seen by the belief in heaven and hell to provide ultimate justice if it does not occur in this world. If people believe that the world is fair, they have difficulty maintaining good feelings about themselves when not valued by others.

These two desires suggest two fears: death and the loss of the meaning system, both ways of not being. Loss of the meaning system involves a loss of any satisfying identity, leading to various types of suffering and psychological problems for many people. The nature of identity is the topic to be addressed next. The meaning-making system, that is, the capacity for sound processing, will then be discussed in subsequent chapters on conscious and unconscious processes. Chapter 3 The Charioteer and the Two Horses: The Self and Its Representations According to many historians, concern about the self is the central theme of the last several centuries of Western cultures.

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