By David C. Raskin, Charles R. Honts, John C. Kircher
Credibility evaluation refers to any try and be sure truthfulness. different phrases that have been used to consult the evaluation of credibility contain the detection of deception and lie detection. The time period lie detection has turn into almost synonymous with using the polygraph and will not be used to consult the diversity of methods presently hired to evaluate credibility. additionally, either lie detection and the detection of deception have a damaging solid which doesn't absolutely seize the orientation of present ways to credibility. as a result, the time period credibility evaluation has emerged lately because the most popular label. The objective of credibility evaluation is usually the decision of the reality of an announcement or be present in set of statements. the necessity or wish to make such an evaluate can each human context from marital relatives via medical examinations to police and courtroom interrogations. Examples of the categories of statements which require credibility review are: 1) A kid's statement that he or she has been sexually abused. 2) The declare through a formerly suicidal person who she or he has recovered and won't try suicide back. three) The denial of guilt via a suspect in a felony research. four ) The convinced assertion of a witness that she or he is bound in his or her identity of a thief. five) The vow of loyalty through a possible worker for a safety activity. it is crucial to evaluate the credibility of those and related statements.
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Additional resources for Credibility Assessment
Podlesny, J. A, & Raskin, D. C. (1977). Physiological measures and the detection of deception. Psychological Bulletin, M" 782-799. Raskin, D. C. (1979). Orienting and defensive reflexes in the detection of deception. In H. D. Kimmel, E. H. van Olst, & J. F. ), The orientini reflex in humans (pp. 587-605). Hillsdale, N. : Erlbaum. Raskin, D. C. (1982). The scientific basis of polygraph techniques and their uses in the judicial process. ), Reconstructini the past: The role of psycholoiists in criminal trials (pp.
Mervis, J. (1986). Council Takes Stand on AIDS, Polygraph; Creates Science Post. American Psycholoiical Association Monitor, March 11. Nunnally, J. C. (1978). ). New York: McGraw-Hill. Office of Technology Assessment [OTA]. (1983). Scientific validity of polygraph testing: A research review and evaluation. Washington, D. S. Government Printing Office. Podlesny, J. A, & Raskin, D. C. (1977). Physiological measures and the detection of deception. Psychological Bulletin, M" 782-799. Raskin, D. C. (1979).
Our use of computer analytic techniques has provided information concerning the extent to which the findings of laboratory research can be utilized in making decisions and formulating policies regarding applications of polygraph techniques in the criminal justice system. We used computer algorithms that we have developed (Kircher & Raskin, 1988) and multivariate statistical approaches that made it possible to study the relationships between polygraph recordings obtained in field examinations and the qualitative and quantitative nature of polygraph recordings obtained in mock crime laboratory experiments.
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