By Isaiah Berlin

"The objective of philosophy is often an identical, to help males to appreciate themselves and hence to function within the open, no longer wildly within the dark."--Isaiah Berlin

This quantity of Isaiah Berlin's essays provides the sweep of his contributions to philosophy from his early participation within the debates surrounding logical positivism to his later paintings, which extra obviously displays his life-long curiosity in political concept, the heritage of rules, and the philosophy of heritage. the following Berlin describes his view of the character of philosophy, and of its major job: to discover a number of the versions and presuppositions--the suggestions and categories--that males carry to their life and that support shape that life. all through, his writing is trained through his excessive cognizance of the plurality of values, the character of old realizing, and of the fragility of human freedom within the face of inflexible dogma.

This re-creation provides a couple of formerly uncollected items that throw additional mild on Berlin's significant philosophical matters, and a revealing trade of letters with the editor and Bernard Williams concerning the genesis of the publication.

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Dea long before. As the New Yorker says, there'll always be an ad man. /~ -- ". -.... - II ~ ~ <• • "Of Tli -OJ' THERE is terror in numbers. Humpty Dumptis confidence in telling Alice that he was master of the words he used wo\dd not be extended by many people to numbers. Perhaps we suHer from a trawna induced by grade-school arithmetic. Whatever the cause. it creates a real problem for the writer who yeams to be read. the advertising man who expects his copy to sell goods. the publisher who wan~ his books or magazines to be popular.

Hip samples down to a few hundred persons, particularly after those who do not read the magazine at all have been eliminated. For a magazine that appeals primarily to women the number of men in the sample may HOW TO LIE WITH STADSTIC3 be very small. By the time these have been di\ided among those who say they "read all:' "read most~" "read some," or "didn't read" the article in question, the thirty-five per cent conclusion may be based on only a handful. The probable error hidden behind the impressively presented figure may be so large that the editor who relies On it is grasping at a thin straw.

Not all children grow in the same way. Some start slowly and then speed up; others shoot up quickly for a while, then level off slowly; for still others growth is a relatively steady process. The chart. as you might guess, is based on averages taken from a large number of measurements. For the total, Or average, heights of a hundred youngsters taken at random it is no doubt accurate enough, but a parent is interested in only one height at a time, a purpose for which such a chart is virtually worthless.

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