By Marie T. Banich, Rebecca J. Compton

This article balances experimental and scientific views with a survey of various psychological capabilities. In a conversational type, the authors offer transparent, available causes of inauspicious suggestions, using analogies and case stories to demonstrate them. A constant constitution all through every one bankruptcy defines a psychological functionality and the position of every half or components of the mind in that functionality, through a dialogue of what neuropsychological syndromes say concerning the cognitive and neural association of the psychological functionality.

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Cells in the dorsal section of the spinal cord (toward the back) receive sensory information. In contrast, cells in the ventral region (toward the stomach) are responsible for conveying motor commands to the muscles as well as receiving input from the brain and from other regions of the spinal cord. Damage to the spinal cord leaves an individual without sensation in or motor control for all body areas that are connected to the brain by spinal cord segments distal to the point of injury. Impulses from the periphery cannot be carried up the spinal cord past the point of injury and therefore cannot reach the brain.

Essentially, the brain floats in CSF, which makes it buoyant and cushions it from being knocked around every time we move. 6). CSF also serves metabolic needs, allowing nutrients to reach neurons. Typically, cells outside the nervous system receive nutrients from the blood. However, the blood-brain barrier precludes direct transport of nutrients from the blood to the brain. Rather, nutrients from the blood reach nerve cells through CSF. The blood-brain barrier also acts to deflect bacteria and other infectious agents and to block the entry of toxins into the brain.

These convolutions serve to pack more brain tissue into a smaller space, much as rolling your clothes allows you to get more of them into your suitcase. Each valley between the bumps is called a sulcus (plural: sulci), and if it is deep it is known as a fissure. , eyes above the nose, mouth below the nose). , some people have wide-set eyes, whereas in others the eyes are close together). The major gyri and sulci of the brain and their names are shown on the inside front cover of your book (Figures A–D).

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