By Christine J. Wade

Scope and content material: "El Salvador is extensively certainly one of the main winning United countries peacebuilding efforts, yet checklist murder premiums, political polarization, socioeconomic exclusion, and corruption have decreased the standard of peace for plenty of of its voters. In Captured Peace : Elites and Peacebuilding in El Salvador, Christine J. Wade adapts the concept that of elite catch to extend at the inspiration of  Read more...

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Extra resources for Captured peace : elites and peacebuilding in El Salvador

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2 The country’s oligarchy ruled El Salvador by itself for the first century after independence, then through the military for a sixty-year period beginning in the 1930s, using force to quell any real or perceived challenge to the status quo. Even modest attempts to alter the social order were resisted by elites, who relied on an intricate nexus of political patronage, the military,  chapter 1 and state and financial institutions to protect their interests. ”3 This resistance ultimately culminated in a violent civil war during the 1980s.

101 Many of Duarte’s policies were made possible by the influx of economic and military assistance from the United States after his election. But these policies were increasingly at odds with the new economic prescription being encouraged by the United States: liberal economic reforms, including devaluation, privatization, and trade liberalization. Duarte resisted, believing that such policies would be unpopular and would generate support for the FMLN. But his policies had become unsustainable.

47  introduction Incumbents may leverage such benefits as the control of state institutions and resources, perceptions of experience, access to resources (such as the media), and international recognition and legitimacy to obtain desired outcomes, namely protecting their own self-interest. Drawing on Labonte’s definition of capture, I use the term to describe the system by which elites controlled and manipulated institutions (whether formal or informal) and policy outcomes to preserve and advance their own interests.

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