By P. Townsend

This e-book builds the case for a entire social safeguard process to be constructed in all international locations – to get rid of determined stipulations of poverty, opposite starting to be inequality and maintain fiscal development. It provides the history of the wealthy nations in assembly poverty and exhibits how the thoughts within the terrible international locations will be tremendously greater.

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Extra info for Building Decent Societies: Rethinking the Role of Social Security in Development

Sample text

Every OECD country has exceptional features. Nonetheless there is support on grounds of economic and social performance for a classification into three models, represented in Chapter 8 by Norway (‘Nordic’ or ‘Social Democratic’), Germany (‘Corporatist’) and the United States and the United Introduction 15 Kingdom (‘Liberal’ or ‘Residual’). Poverty and inequality rates are smallest in the countries of the first of these three models and largest in the third. The evidence about economic performance is less conclusive.

They are covered under mandatory tripartite payroll tax financed SHI. This was gradually extended from larger enterprises of more than 20 employees to the smallest firms of more than one employee in 2002. In 2001 30 per cent of the population were left uninsured. 24 Building Decent Societies For two decades successive governments invested strongly in public health service infrastructure. Three conclusions can be drawn from the Thai experience. First, there was an explicit pro-poor and pro-rural policy to establish health centres and hospitals in all districts and sub-districts.

The scale of social expenditure does not explain a large part of national economic performance and does not seem to have a significant impact on economic growth. National policies and social security system designs can lead to a wide range of different levels of social expenditure at each level of GDP. Their technical investigation applies to many countries. A regression analysis of social expenditure expressed as a ratio of GDP and the employment-topopulation ratios of the age group 15–64 for OECD countries finds virtually no association between the two.

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