By Paul Williams

From a box essentially of curiosity to professional orientalists, the research of Buddhism has built to include inter alia, theology and spiritual reviews, philosophy, cultural reports, anthropology and comparative stories. there's now larger direct entry to Buddhism within the West than ever earlier than, and Buddhist stories are attracting expanding numbers of students.

This eight-volume set brings jointly seminal papers in Buddhist stories from an unlimited variety of educational disciplines, released over the past 40 years. With a brand new creation through the editor, this assortment is a different and unrivalled learn source for either scholar and scholar.

VOLUME II THE EARLY BUDDHIST faculties AND
DOCTRINAL historical past; THERAVADA
DOCTRINE
Acknowledgements vn
18 Theravada Buddhist sangha: a few basic observations on
historical and political elements in its improvement 1
HEINZ BECHERT
19 Notes at the formation of Buddhist sects and the origins of
Mahayana
HEINZ BECHERT
20 Buddhistjhana: its nature and attainment in accordance with the
Pali sources
L.S. COUSINS
21 The 'five points' and the origins of the Buddhist schools
L.S. COUSINS
22 individual and self
L S. COUSINS
23 Cosmology and meditation: from the Aggaiiiia-Sutta to the
Mahayana
RUPERT GETHIN
24 Kindness and compassion as a method to nirvaQa
R.F. GOMBRICH
25 focus or perception: the frustrating of Theravada
Buddhist meditation theory
PAUL GRIFFITHS
26 Councils as principles and occasions within the Theravada
CHARLES HALLISEY
27 Saik$a-dharmas revisited: additional issues of
Mahasa~pghika origins
CHARLES S. PREBISH
zs MahasaQighika origins: the beginnings of Buddhist
sectarianism
JAN NATTIER AND CHARLES S PREBISH
29 the various our bodies of the Buddha: reflections on a neglected
aspect of Theravada tradition
FRANK E. REYNOLDS
30 at the challenge of the relation of religious perform and
philosophical idea in Buddhism
LAMBERT SCHMITHAUSEN
31 Buddhist Modernism and the rhetoric of meditative
experience
ROBERT H SHARF
32 the remodeling reward: an research of devotional acts of
offering in Buddhist Avadiina literature
JOHN robust
PETER SKILLING

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Extra resources for Buddhism, Critical Concepts in Religious Studies, Volume 2

Sample text

This is mainly due to the fact that India did not develop a tradition of historiography prior to the first Muslim invasions in the subcontinent. It is all the more surprising that there was practically no Buddhist historical writing in mainland India, since it was essential for the validity of a monk's ordination (upasampada) to establish the fact that it is based on an uninterrupted succession commencing from an ordination granted by the Buddha himself. The lists of the so-called "Patriarchs" of later Buddhist sects were drawn up for this very purpose.

This is in a more abstract form which lacks irrelevant detail still present in the acquired nimitta. It is described as soft and delicate, much purer than the previous one. 33 It is a pure concept lacking physical reality and deriving from ideation (saiiiia-ja). 34 If then the object of concentration is, for example, the idea of blueness (nzla-kasifJa), the semblance nimitta arises as soon as this idea is brought to mind in the same way as the reflection of the face appears immediately upon glancing at a mirror.

These peculiarities of early Buddhist literary tradition and the considerable degree of liberty in the exchange of textual material was rendered possible by the fact that the texts were transmitted exclusively by oral tradition during that early period. C. Some scholars have expressed doubts about the reliability of this account, but again it is the study of linguistic details which helps to establish beyond doubt that the texts had had a period of oral tradition in Ceylon before they were written on palmleaves.

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