Quantity 11c is released because the thrid of 3 volumes on environmental biotechnology. quantity 11a offers with wastewater therapy, quantity 11b with soil decontamination, and quantity 11c supplies a profound evaluation on good waste remedy, off-gas remedy, and the guidance of ingesting water.
All of those themes are of significant relevance for a sustainable improvement. in line with the presentation of basic facets unique emphasis is given to the outline of tactics and purposes.
Chapter 1 Bio? and Pyrotechnology of strong Waste therapy (pages 4–33): Claudia Gallert and Josef Winter
Chapter 2 Microbiology of Composting (pages 35–100): Hans Jurgen Kutzner
Chapter three Composting of Plant Residues and Waste Plant fabrics (pages 101–125): Frank Schuchardt
Chapter four know-how and methods of Composting (pages 127–150): Uta Krogmann and Ina Korner
Chapter five Anaerobic Fermantation of rainy or Semi?Dry rubbish Waste Fraction (pages 151–166): Norbert Rilling
Chapter 6 Landfill structures, Sanitary Landfillling of reliable Wastes ?Long?Term issues of Leachates (pages 167–190): Kai?Uwe Heyer and Rainer Stegmann
Chapter 7 Sanitary Landfills ? Long?Term balance and Environmental Implications (pages 191–202): Michael S. Switzenbaum
Chapter eight mixed Mechanical and organic remedy of Municip good Waste (pages 203–211): Peter Schalk
Chapter nine Hygienic issues on Aerobic/Anaerobic remedy of Wastewater, Sludge, Biowaste, and Compost (pages 213–248): Dieter Strauch, Werner Philipp and Reinhard Bohm
Chapter 10 destiny payment buildings with Minimized Waste and Wastewater iteration (pages 249–255): Ralf Otterpohl
Chapter eleven procedure Engineering of organic Waste fuel Purification (pages 258–274): Muthumbi Waweru, Veerle Herrygers, Herman Van Langenhove and Willy Verstraete
Chapter 12 Microbiological elements of organic Waste gasoline Purification (pages 275–302): Karl?Heinrich Engesser and Thorsten Plaggemeier
Chapter thirteen Bioscrubbers (pages 304–320): Egbert Schippert and Horst Chmiel
Chapter 14 Biofilters (pages 321–332): Klaus Fischer
Chapter 15 therapy of Waste gasoline pollution in Trickling Filters (pages 333–344): Thorsten Plaggemeier and Oliver Lammerzahl
Chapter sixteen Membrane approaches and replacement concepts (pages 345–353): Martin Reiser
Chapter 17 advertisement purposes of organic Waste fuel Purification (pages 357–367): Derek E. Chitwood and Joseph S. Devinny
Chapter 18 Potable Water therapy (pages 370–412): Rolf Gimbel and Hans?Joachim Malzer
Chapter 19 Hygienic points of ingesting Water (pages 413–423): Dirk Schoenen
Chapter 20 synthetic Groundwater Recharge and financial institution Filtration (pages 425–444): Gudrun Preu? and Ulrich Schulte?Ebbert
Chapter 21 Biofilms in Biofiltration (pages 445–455): Hans?Curt Flemming
Chapter 22 Biofiltration procedures for natural topic elimination (pages 457–478): Wolfgang Uhl
Chapter 23 views of Waste, Wastewater, Off?Gas and consuming Water administration (pages 479–488): Claudia Gallert and Josef iciness
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Additional info for Biotechnology: Environmental Processes III, Volume 11c, Second Edition, Second Edition
Moreover, the farmer obtains a ly that acetogenesis and methanogenesis are higher yield of biogas from manure-bio- rate limiting steps (WINTER,1984). Methanowaste mixtures and more electricity by gas genesis may have to compete with sulfate recombustion in gas engines, coupled with duction, if the wastewater contains sulfate. Sulelectricity generators (LANGHANS, 1997). A fidogenesis on the other hand abolishes the cofermentation of animal manures with mu- toxic effect of soluble heavy metal salts by sulnicipal biowastes, food residues, rumen con- fide precipitation.
This is especially important in view of the German soil protection law (“Bodenschutzgesetz”), that was put into force in March 1998 (BBodSchG, 1998). , by the German ordinance on the utilization of sewage sludge (“Klarschlammverordnung”) or LAGA M10 (BILITEWSKI and ROTTER, 1998). Some of the maximally allowed parameters of compost, as required by state laws or recommendations of expert working groups are summarized in Tab. 3. The main criteria concern heavy metal concentrations, salt content, organic dry matter and ash content, AOX, PCB, PCDD/PCDF, etc.
The off-gas of waste incineration plants consists mainly of carbon dioxide and water vapor, but contains chlorine and sulfur dioxide as 26 1 Bio- and Pyrotechnology of Solid Waste Treatment major contaminants as well as traces of organic and inorganic volatile substances, such as PAK, AOX, dioxins, mercury, etc. The contaminants must be separated from the bulk mass of the gas by off-gas purification procedures (see respective chapters in this volume). With the different incineration techniques, both, the waste volume and waste mass are highly reduced in lieu with utilization of the energy (“energetic recycling”), either directly as heat (classical incineration plants, Siemens KWU process) or indirectly as syngas.
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