By Megan A. Perry

Whereas mortuary ruins have lengthy interested archaeologists and paintings historians attracted to the cultures of the close to East and jap Mediterranean, the human skeletal is still inside the tombs of this zone have garnered much less consciousness. In Bioarchaeology and behaviour, Megan Perry offers a suite of essays that objective a focus at the research of the traditional population of the circum-Mediterranean area.
Composed of 8 assorted papers, this quantity synthesizes fresh examine on human skeletal continues to be and their archaeological and old contexts during this area. using an environmental, social, and political framework, the participants current scholarly case stories on such subject matters because the region's mortuary archaeology, genetic investigations of migration styles, and the traditional populations' future health, ailment, and diet.
Other key anthropological concerns addressed during this quantity comprise the results of the domestication of crops and animals, the increase of state-level formations, and the function of faith in society. eventually, this assortment will offer anthropologists, archaeologists, and bioarchaeologists with a big origin for destiny learn within the close to East and japanese Mediterranean.

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Garstang (1953) very briefly describes a mass cremation (Burial vi) in Level XIX at Yümük Tepe consisting of “good teeth” and unrecognizably burned (completely blackened and calcined) bones (p. 111). At Tepe Gawra, Tobler (1950) recovered the remains of 22 adults (Burials B, C, and D) whose bodies, judging by their “grotesque” positions (p. 49), were thrown into an abandoned well. The bones all lay within 60 cm of fill, suggesting a short-term (if not a single) depositional event. ) shows complete bones and articulated segments, indicating, as Tobler suggests, that the bodies were intact at deposition.

4) suggest that the damage preceded defleshing and that crushed bone was not pulled away from the impact area in order to access the brain. Moreover, evidence of less severe blows clearly unrelated to brain removal are preserved in hammerstone percussion scars that border a fracture line running across the frontal bone. Taken together, the characteristics of these wounds indicate they are unrelated to brain processing. We suggest that it is likely this young woman’s death resulted from powerful blows to the head and that her head was separated from her body after death.

2009a), indicates that individuals in the Death Pit assemblage were likely killed by powerful blows to the head in an act of sacrifice. That said, our comparison of damage patterns by sex and age shows that the crania of males sustained much higher levels of trauma and destruction than the crania of females and subadults, indicating that males were also the target of great postmortem violence, perhaps including brain processing. 5. 1. Blunt force trauma is indicated by depressed fractures with incipient concentric flakes along the superior parietal fracture edge.

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