By James P. Ziliak

In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson went to Kentucky's Martin County to claim struggle on poverty. the subsequent yr he signed the Appalachian nearby improvement Act (ARDA), making a state-federal partnership to enhance the region's monetary clients via larger activity possibilities, higher human capital, and improved transportation. because the point of interest of household antipoverty efforts, Appalachia took on unique symbolic and good as monetary value. approximately a part century later, what are the results?

In Appalachian Legacy, famous economists and demographers map out the region's present prestige. James Ziliak spearheads the research into questions similar to: How has Appalachia fared on the grounds that 1965, and the way does it now examine to the country as a complete, in key parts resembling schooling, employment, and health and wellbeing? was once ARDA a good place-based coverage for ameliorating trouble in a stricken quarter, or is Appalachia nonetheless mired in a poverty capture? And what classes do we draw from the Appalachian experience?

This vital learn might help analysts, policymakers, students, and local specialists determine what works in combating poverty and why. it's also a big contribution to the commercial background of the jap United States.

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2011. ” Journal of Labor Economics 29, no. 4: 819–57. Bradshaw, Michael. 1992. The Appalachian Regional Commission: Twenty-Five Years of Government Policy. University Press of Kentucky. Caudill, Harry. 1963. Night Comes to the Cumberlands: A Biography of a Depressed Area. New York: Little, Brown. Eller, Ronald. 2008. Uneven Ground: Appalachia since 1945. University Press of Kentucky. Glaeser, Edward, and Joshua Gottlieb. 2008. ” BPEA, no. 1: 155–253. Glen, John. 1995. ’ ” Oral History Review 22, no.

A. Means are presented in the first line of each variable, standard deviations are in parentheses, and standard errors for difference in means are in square brackets. 004) Central Appalachia 1960 1/25/12 Per capita income ($) Variable Units as indicated Table 2-2. qxd 1/25/12 11:20 AM Page 32 james p. ziliak 32 Appalachia. For example, poverty rates were lower in Northern Appalachia and incomes were no different. Tables 2-3 and 2-4 present a parallel set of calculations for census year 2000. In absolute value terms, and relative to the rest of the country, the real difference in per capita income actually widened over the forty years for Appalachia overall, and for both Central and Northern Appalachia, but it narrowed for Southern Appalachia.

For example: —Per capita income in 1999 was $18,200, 84 percent of the national average of $21,600 (figures in 2000 dollars). In fourteen Appalachian counties, per capita income exceeded the national average. 6 percent, Appalachia’s poverty rate in the 2000 census was less than half its level forty years earlier. 3 percentage points higher than in the rest of the United States. —Appalachia’s labor force participation rate in 2000 was 67 percent for men and 53 percent for women—only slightly less than the rates outside the W 1.

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