By M. Riad El-Ghonemy

Affluence and Poverty within the heart East is an advent to the political economic climate of the center East, concentrating on its such a lot salient gains - chronic poverty and severe inequality. El-Ghonemy analyses the standards influencing the zone, together with its specified historic, non secular and cultural combine, in addition to its monetary foundations and sorts of corruption. for every issue he employs case-studies drawn from in the course of the quarter, from Turkey to Sudan and Morocco to Iran. within the ultimate part El-Ghomeny discusses attainable suggestions to the demanding situations dealing with the sector, together with attainable makes use of of a peace dividend, and the position of democracy.

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They suffer from stunted growth, mental abilities and body weight, the worst consequence of which is dying before their first birthday. 7 million in 1990. Since then the number of undernourished children must have been swollen, both by the increasing misery in southern Sudan owing to the civil war and by the Iraqi catastrophe following the 1991 Gulf War. 1 million (Chapter 6). 15 These diseases are found to be positively correlated with affluence, that is, the higher the personal income, the higher is the incidence of diabetes and obesity (Chapter 8).

6. uncertainty of water resources for food production in terms of rainfall, prolonged drought, and floods affecting areas where people on low incomes live; crop failure; the household’s low economic capacity (when meagre assets are owned and a low wage earned) to acquire the necessary amount of food; instability of food aid due to changes in political relations between donor and recipient countries; sudden rise in grain price caused by a coalition among traders and falling supply; civil unrest or war.

A disastrous famine killed most of the nomads’ livestock and an unspecified number of the poor fellaheen in rainfed areas starved. Yields of wheat and barley fell from an average 500 and 670 kilogrammes per hectare in the preceding years to 170 and 120 kilogrammes, respectively. The distressed fellaheen and nomads sold their lands and livestock to merchants at very low prices and fled to the cities. 7 This discussion of the historical origins of unjust distribution of wealth should not be interpreted to mean that the colonial powers did only damaging things.

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