By Ester Romero, Gustavo Vazquez

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En la ultima década se ha diseñado una forma revisada de esta escala y también una forma alternativa de las historias y los diseños a fin de que pueda repetirse la administración en breves intervalos (menor a 6 meses) sin temor al aprendizaje. Este tipo de material alternativo es muy útil para verificar cambios cognitivos como curso de una enfermedad o evolución del paciente que ha sido sometido a tratamiento farmacológico y/o de rehabilitación. Otras técnicas utilizadas con regularidad y relacionadas con la evaluación en los casos en que se sospechan patologías determinadas, serán descriptas en los sucesivos capítulos SUGERENCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS Anastasi A.

Según plantea Lezak (1983), el interrogatorio puede ser principalmente de dos clases: diagnóstico o descriptivo. En el primero se investiga la naturaleza de los síntomas que nos comunica el paciente, su etiología y el pronóstico probable. En este punto las preguntas se orientan hacia un diagnostico diferencial. Por 54 Ester Romero - Gustavo Vazquez ejemplo si se sospecha un deterioro cognitivo mínimo, el interrogatorio apuntaría a establecer si este es asociado a la edad o será el principio de una enfermedad degenerativa de carácter progresivo.

Guyton Anatomía y Fisiología del Sistema Nervioso. Editorial Médica Panamericana. Buenos Aires, Argentina. 1994. Best y Taylor Bases fisiológicas de la Práctica Médica. 12ª edición. Editorial Médica Panamericana. Buenos Aires, Argentina. 1997. Floyd E. Bloom & David J. Kupfer Psychopharmaclogy: The Fourth Generation of Progress. Raven Press, Ltd. New York. A. 1995. Charles Noback et al. The Human Nervous System. Ed. Williams & Wilkins. A. 1996. Bear M. , Connors B. W. Paradiso M A. Neuroscience.

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