By Marian Klamer

The sequence builds an in depth number of top of the range descriptions of languages worldwide. every one quantity bargains a finished grammatical description of a unmarried language including absolutely analyzed pattern texts and, if applicable, a glossary and different appropriate info that is to be had at the language in query. There aren't any regulations as to language relations or zone, and even though designated realization is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and helpful remedies of higher recognized languages also are incorporated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the one criterion is a excessive regular of medical caliber.

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The distinction /u/ vs. /u:/ is phonetically realised as a distinction in length only. However, in contrast to the long vowels /i:/ and /a:/, the contrastive long vowel [u:] is only used very rarely — mostly an /u/ is unspecified for lenght. e. as u, and leave its short/unmarked counterpart diacritically unmarked. Some pairs showing the contrast between /i, i:/ and /u, u:/ are given in (7). k(u) 'again' 'tuberous plant' 'have chicken skin' 'drip, drizzle' wutu wutu hunju hunju 'be fat' 'louse' 'grumble' 'slaughter X' I propose that the appropriate representation of the vowel length contrast involves syllable quantity.

Nda na-mai =ma =du NEG 3sN=come =MOD =EMP 'The driver did not turn up' a'. [,nda na'mäi ma'du: na 'sopiru] na sopir ART driver b. Hama =du =na na mbuku -nggu same =EMP =3sG ART book =lsG 'My book is (really) similar' b'. 1). 1). It is an independent (prosodic) word which conforms to the minimal word constraint without having to lengthen the vowel u. Thus, a foot that is formed post-lexically also conforms to the basic root template. ' and äru HORTATIVE (polite). I have classified them as clitics because their distribution and functional properties.

O. ka. ng(u) ,wihi 'menja ka. 'mo:] The data in (42) are evidence for various aspects of the Kambera phonotactic structure. First, a long vowel or diphthong is interpreted as bipositional if occurring alone (yu: —* wuyii). e. without another syllable following), only the first V position is considered the head, while the second v position is considered the non-head (haila -> la'hai [* yilaha], tu:ki —> ki'tu: [* wukitu], yu: -> wuyu). Third, an empty onset may be filled by a homorganic glide (yu: —> wuyu), but may also be filled by a glottal stop (iu —*· fuwi).

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