By Bruce C. Donaldson

The sequence builds an in depth selection of prime quality descriptions of languages all over the world. every one quantity deals a finished grammatical description of a unmarried language including totally analyzed pattern texts and, if applicable, a thesaurus and different appropriate info that's to be had at the language in query. There are not any regulations as to language kin or region, and even supposing certain consciousness is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and beneficial remedies of higher identified languages also are incorporated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the single criterion is a excessive average of medical caliber.

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The consonant gh [g] Examples: ghitaar [gi'ta:r] 'guitar' (also spelt and pronounced kitaar), ghoeroe [guru] 'guru', gholf\ golf] 'golf, ghries fgrisj 'grease'. In some loanwords that enjoy official recognition, [g] is written gh to distinguish it from [xj. 8. g. Djakarta, djihad 'holy war' (Arabicy't/iarf). e. g. tydjie [toici] 'a little while'. jokkie [joci]. 9. The consonant ps [ps] or [s] Examples: psigies [psixis] or [sixis] 'psychic', but only psalm [pasabm]. Words of Greek origin beginning withps are usually pronounced fps] but some speakers simplify the cluster to [s], which is considered standard Afrikaans.

3. e. g. amnestie (also amnestie), anargie, burokrasie, demokrasie, ekonomie, energie, ensiklopedie, geologic, kompromie, masßnerie, simpatie, Strategie. 1). Note: histerektomie fits into neither group and is stressed as in English. 4. g. adventis(te), alkoholis(te), individualistic), joernalis(te), motoris(te), rassis(te). g. indiuidualisme, joemalisme, rassisme. g. kommunisties, rassisties. 5. Agent nouns ending in -ikus There are many nouns denoting agents derived from the Latin ending -ikus in the singular, but -ici (pronounced [isi]) in the plural.

This sound might also be transcribed as [03J if one chose to see the second element as a glide. In addition to applying this breaking or off-glide, there is a slight tendency ω The only exception to this is in the Boland where ee and oo are not broken but raised to [i:] and [u:j respectively. 2 for the raising of the vowel in ek, which is also typical of the Boland. De Villiers (1987: 94) comments that this so-called Bolandse verhoging is no longer as widespread in the Western Cape as it was, as a result of large scale urbanisation, and that it has become stigmatised.

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