By Makino Seiichi

The acclaimed, best-selling jap grammar dictionary sequence now whole! A Dictionary of complex jap Grammar, the 3rd quantity within the widely-acclaimed, bestselling jap grammar dictionary sequence, is designed to introduce scholars of jap to advanced-level jap grammar expressions and support them deepen their figuring out of the severe and refined transformations in that means and utilization among the objective expressions and different synonymous expressions.

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Dat”), are CT’s. The discourse referents that they denote are members of a previously mentioned set, “sons”, and each clause contains a focused element (autíčko (“car”) and knížku (“book”)). (19) a. Co jsi koupila synům k svátku? ” b. Honzovict jsem koupila autíčkof a Petrovict knížkuf. ” Note that when a CT occurs at the left edge, the focus appears at the right, (19b). These data suggest that [Spec, IP] can be associated with two distinct discourse functions: focus and CT. But, can more than one XP be found at the left periphery of the IP domain?

This participation in multiple pairings follows from the operator-variable analysis of wh-movement in English. However, unlike regular wh-questions, echo questions do not participate in multiple wh-questions in which there are pairings between members of two Chapter 2. The syntax of the left periphery  (or more) sets. (59) is, thus, infelicitous. Authier indicates an echo wh-phrase with an “ ”. (59) *Who did what? (Authier 1993: (10b)) Authier concludes from this that echo wh-constructions are non-quantificational and, thus, are not operator-variable constructions.

In section 6, a syntactic analysis is developed which motivates movement of these XP’s to the left periphery. 2 V0-to-I0 raising: Satisfying the EPP I assume that an EPP feature is obligatorily associated with the highest inflectional head and is normally satisfied by movement of an XP into [Spec, IP]. Verb-initial sentences, however, are very common in Czech. One context in which they occur is when the subject is a null pronominal. Consider (26). (26) Pojedu do Francie přiští týden. ” Sentences of this type bring into question the assumption that the EPP is obligatorily associated with the highest inflectional head, I0.

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